What is “CD”?
“Capacity” and “CD” are over-used yet poorly understood concepts in the field of development and change. Human capacity refers to the knowledge and skills that people have that can benefit society. Capacity development (CD) has many different meanings to key stakeholders of PSNP4, including:
- Training and cascaded training to other levels.
- Scaling-up of good and best practices
- Identifying bottlenecks and constraints to high performance
- Supporting coordination and harmonization among PSNP implementing agencies.
TASC accepts the following definition of CD, as iterated by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD):
CD includes the processes whereby people, organizations and society as a whole unleash, strengthen, create, adapt and maintain capacity over time.
Much of the training that is conducted within the PSNP4 is intended to increase the capacity of government personnel to implement the PSNP4 rules and procedures more effectively. When traditional methods of training do not maximize the potential for learning and subsequent application of that learning, valuable opportunities for learning and change are lost. A systematic approach to CD provides a platform for enhanced learning.
Agriteam’s Four Stage Capacity Development Model
A systematic approach to CD influences individuals (both women and men), organizations and ultimately the system. Change starts at the individual level, and as individuals change and adopt improved practices, those changes are accepted within the organizations in which they function. Improved practices within the organizations that comprise systems or institutions lead to wider acceptance and incorporation of effective practices at the institutional level.
The TASC model or framework for capacity development is indicated below. This model was first used by SNSF in
support of PSNP3, and now is used by TASC within PSNP4 and by the GoE’s Agricultural Growth Program as the basis for their CD guidelines.